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ISSN Online :  Under Process
Journal DOI :  10.31579/JWHC/2018
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Current Issue :  Volume 2 - Issue 1 - 2019
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Women Health Care and Issues : Open Access

About the Journal

Women Health:
Women’s health refers to the branch of medicine that focuses on the treatment and diagnosis of diseases and conditions that affect a woman’s physical and emotional well-being.
Being a man or a woman has a significant impact on health, as a result of both biological and gender-related differences. The health of women and girls is of particular concern because, in many societies, they are disadvantaged by discrimination rooted in sociocultural factors. For example, women and girls face increased vulnerability to HIV/AIDS.
Although women in industrialized countries have narrowed the gender gap in life expectancy and now live longer than men, in many areas of health they experience earlier and more severe disease with poorer outcomes.
Gender remains an important social determinant of health, since women's health is influenced not just by their biology but also by conditions such as poverty, employment, and family responsibilities.
Women have long been disadvantaged in many respects such as social and economic power which restricts their access to the necessities of life including health care, and the greater the level of disadvantage, such as in developing countries, the greater adverse impact on health.
We welcome eminent manuscripts of Research/ Review/ Case Studies/ Short
Communications/ Opinions/ Letter to Editors/ Mini Reviews/ Presentations/ Perspective Studies etc. for publication. The wide scope of the journal will aid in contributing a great measure of scientific information related to the advances in towards better healthcare. The Journal is using double-blind peer-review for the manuscript processing. Each article undergoes this peer review process under the aegis of an assigned Editor. To be acceptable for publication, an article should be positively considered by two individual reviewers followed by the Editor’s consent.
Publication decisions will be made based on relevance to practice, quality of methodology, and synthesis of findings with existing literature.

Journal of Women’s health includes a wide range of fields in its discipline like Obstetrics/Gynecology, Sex-Based Biology, Women: Postmenopausal Health, Women: Mental Health, Pregnancy and Reproductive Health, Gynecology Oncology, Child Birth, Autoimmune Disorders, Psychological Disorders, Women Care, Internal Medicine & Women Issues, Endocrinology.
Global Epidemiology of Women Health:
The world still focuses very much on maternal health and, more recently, family planning, which definitely reflect critical needs.
The predominant view today is still of women as reproductive beings, which unfortunately leads to neglect of women’s health in other stages of life. '
The focus on noncommunicable diseases has been growing since the 2011 United Nations General Assembly declaration, but these diseases do not receive the attention they deserve. Women’s non-reproductive health is becoming important as a public health issue, mainly due to population ageing and changing lifestyles, but health systems, especially in low- and middle-income countries, are not prepared to deal with the double burden of disease among women.

The improvement of women’s health in crises is a key issue within the work of WHO’s Health Action in Crises. WHO's participation in inter-agency initiatives, work on sexual and reproductive health in crises including work to improve the health sector response to gender-based violence and projects and training activities related to gender are all examples of the Organization's commitment to improving women’s health in humanitarian settings.
Women's health incorporates knowledge and skills from multiple disciplines with attention to both patient and provider characteristics.
Over the past decades, governments have taken steps towards improving women’s health in line with commitments made in key international summits. Progress has been made in reducing maternal mortality, which accelerated with the launch of the United Nations secretary general’s Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health in 2010. Use of maternal healthcare and family planning has increased in some countries. Progress has also been seen on two determinants of women’s health school enrolment rates for girls and political participation of women but not for others such as gender based violence.

Unfinished agenda for women’s health:
Poor sexual and reproductive health outcomes represent a third of the total global burden of disease for women aged 15-44 years. Unsafe sex and violence are major risk factors for death and disability among women and girls in low and middle income countries and continue to disproportionately affect marginalised groups in high income countries.
Although the global maternal mortality ratio—the number of maternal deaths per 100 000 live births halved between 1990 and 2013, this progress is not sufficient to reach the target of millennium development goal 5 of a 75% reduction by 2015. In 2013 an estimated 289 000 women died from complications of pregnancy and childbirth; and 22 million unsafe abortions occurred in 2008 (half all induced abortions in that year), nearly all in low and middle income countries. The burden of maternal morbidity, such as obstetric fistulas and uterine prolapse, continues to be high. Catastrophic and out of pocket health expenditure for healthcare services, such as treatment of complications resulting from unsafe abortion, continues to affect women and girls around the world. Each year, 5.4 million women endure pregnancies that end in stillbirth (2.6 million in 2009) or neonatal death (2.8 million in 2013). Worldwide, an estimated 225 million women have an unmet need for modern contraception.

Adequate nutrition:
Iron deficiency anemia increases the risk of haemorrhage and sepsis during childbirth. It causes cognitive and physical deficits in young children and reduces productivity in adults. Women and girls are most vulnerable to anemia owing to insufficient iron in their diets, menstrual blood loss, and periods of rapid growth. In some regions, women and girls are denied access to nutrition owing to cultural factors and societal norms.
Reproductive hazards:
Are substances or agents that may affect the reproductive health of women or men or the ability of couples to have healthy children. These hazards may cause problems such as infertility, miscarriage, and birth defects.
Urinary tract infection:
Women are affected much more often than men because women have short urethras that allow   relatively easy passage of bacteria into the bladder. Sexual intercourse can cause bacteria to spread upward into the bladder.
In pregnant women, temporary changes in the physiology and anatomy of the urinary tract make expectant mothers prime candidates for cystitis and pyelonephritis. Kidney and bladder infections can pose a serious risk to pregnant women and their unborn children, because they increase the risk of premature contractions or delivery and sometimes death of the fetus or newborn infant.

Tackling non-communicable diseases:
Non communicable diseases:
In 2012, some 4.7 million women died from noncommunicable diseases before they reached the age of 70 —most of them in low- and middle-income countries. They died as a result of road traffic accidents, harmful use of tobacco, abuse of alcohol, drugs and substances, and obesity -- more than 50% of women are overweight in Europe and the Americas. Helping girls and women adopt healthy lifestyles early on is key to a long and healthy life.
Governments need to take steps to overcome economic, socio-cultural health inequalities and geographic barriers. Providing women with clean cooking and heating devices reduces their risk for several NCDs while also protecting the health of infants and young children. Interventions include integration of prevention and control of NCDs into existing health systems initiatives; protection of women and girls from aggressive marketing of tobacco products through accelerated and effective implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control; inter-sectoral collaboration to identify and promote actions outside health systems in relation to NCDs; greater involvement of women and girls in identifying problems and solutions and implementing policies in the fight against NCDs; integration of sex and gender in the design, analysis, and interpretation of studies on NCDs by research institutions; and innovative partnerships to improve access to affordable, high quality, essential medicines to treat NCDs
Tackling women’s cancers:

“Changing reproductive health needs over the life cycle” includes the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of reproductive system cancers. The human papillomavirus vaccine makes widespread primary prevention, as well as screening and treatment of precancerous lesions, potentially feasible in countries with weak health systems. Advances for breast cancer are primarily in treatment and identification, which can be used for risk screening and need to be further available for all.
Mental health:
Gender is a critical determinant of mental health and mental illness. The morbidity associated with mental illness has received substantially more attention than the gender specific determinants and mechanisms that promote and protect mental health and foster resilience to stress and adversity. Gender differences occur particularly in the rates of common mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, and somatic complaints. These disorders affect approximately one in three people in the community (with a female predominance), are closely associated with intimate partner violence, and constitute a serious public health problem.
Preventing and responding to violence against women and girls:
Challenging social norms and gender inequalities is a critical element in preventing and responding to all forms of violence against women and girls. This requires multisector programmes and strategies that address structural determinants, including gender equality and the empowerment of women. Laws, policies, protocols, and guidelines are needed for all sectors, emphasizing that violence against women and girls is a violation of human rights, imposes enormous health burdens on individuals, families, and society, and will not be tolerated. The health system has an important role in the prevention of and response to violence against women and girls by ensuring access to timely, effective, and affordable health services for women and girls who are victims of violence, particularly sexual and reproductive health services.

Preventing and treating sexually transmitted infections and HIV in women:
To effectively end the AIDS epidemic by 2030 and reduce the burden of other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), governments and the international community should fully implement effective prevention interventions; ensure access for young and marginalized people, including young women and girls and higher risk populations, to information and services on the risks and symptoms of STIs and HIV and to the skills and means to protect themselves.
Providing safe abortion and post-abortion care:
Unsafe abortion, one of the leading causes of maternal death and injuries, is entirely preventable because technologies and safe procedures are well known, cost little, and should be widely available. WHO’s technical and policy guidelines for access to safe abortion should be implemented.

Strengthening the health work force:
Attention is needed to educate, deploy, retain, and improve the quality of the cadres of primary healthcare workers, such as midwives and nurses, through quality education, effective regulation, and an enabling work environment that includes effective referral.
Strengthening maternal healthcare:
As maternal and child mortality continues to decrease sharply in many countries, to make more progress, priority attention is needed to ensure the quality of maternal healthcare. Functioning health systems will include emergency obstetric and newborn care and strong capacity at the secondary level to treat complications of childbirth, with effective referral from the community and primary levels.
Providing health information and comprehensive sexuality education:
Evidence based health information and comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) is a key intervention for promotion and protection of women’s health. Such education and information should be available to all adolescents and youths, in and out of school, as well as to adult women.
Contraceptive information and services for all who need them:
Information on contraception and integrated comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services are vital means for women and girls to maintain health, and their availability is necessary for women and girls to enjoy their human rights.
Providing health information and comprehensive sexuality education:
Evidence based health information and comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) is a key intervention for promotion and protection of women’s health. Such education and information should be available to all adolescents and youths, in and out of school, as well as to adult women.
Quality of care:
Women’s health services, particularly sexual and reproductive health services, are often not provided at a level of quality that meets human rights standards. The persistence of poor sexual and reproductive health outcomes despite availability of supplies and facilities underscores the need to strengthen the quality of health systems.

Areas Include Subjects Such As :

Women care

Women health

Women violence

Reproductive health

Sexual education

Women health services

Women rights

Post-abortion care

Contraceptive information

Maternal healthcare

Safe abortion


Women’s cancers

Breast cancers

Urinary tract infection

Women empowerment

Non-communicable diseases

Reproductive hazards

Modern contraception

Maternal morbidity

Female predominance

Autoimmune Diseases

Breast and Cervical Cancer

Breast Diseases

Domestic violence on women


Maternal health

Maternal-Fetal Medicine

Menopausal and Post-Menopausal Health


Mental health

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Perinatal Infections

Pregnancy and Child health

Reproductive Biology

Reproductive Health

Sexual Problems in Women

Urinary Tract Infection


Vaginal Infections (Vaginitis)

Violence against women

Womens diet and nutrition