|ISSN Online||: Under Process|
|Journal DOI||: 10.31579/JPP/2018|
|Google Scholar||: Citation|
|Current Issue||: Volume 2 - Issue 1 - 2019|
|PubMed Indexed Articles||:|
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders. These include various maladaptation’s related to mood, behavior, cognition, and perceptions.
Psychiatry is one of the oldest medical specialties, but is also one of the most exciting frontiers of medicine. Recent advances in the neurosciences have led to new technologies in the diagnosis and treatment of many of these illnesses.
Journal of Psychiatry is rendering an open platform for the students, faculty members, researchers involved and interested in this subject.
It accepts research work on all related disciplines of Psychiatry such as cognition, neurological aspects with behavioral changes, molecular analysis of neurological events.
The journal serves professionals with an interest in mental health, including psychiatrists, psychologists, psychotherapists, and psychiatric nurses.
The Journal is using double-blind peer-review for the manuscript processing. Each article undergoes this peer review process under the aegis of an assigned Editor. To be acceptable for publication, an article should be positively considered by two individual reviewers followed by the Editor’s consent.
Initial psychiatric assessment of a person typically begins with a case history and mental status examination.
1. Physical examinations and psychological tests may be conducted.
2. On occasion, neuroimaging or other neurophysiological techniques are used.
3. Mental disorders are often diagnosed in accordance with clinical concepts listed in diagnostic manuals such as the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), edited and used by the World Health Organization(WHO) and the widely used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).
The field of psychiatry has many subspecialties includes:
Addiction psychiatry , Brain Injury Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Clinical neurophysiology, Epilepsy, Forensic Psychiatry, Geriatric Psychiatry, Hospice and palliative medicine, Pain medicine, Psychosomatic medicine, Sleep medicine, Cross cultural psychiatry, Emergency psychiatry, Learning disability, Neurodevelopmental disorder, Biological psychiatry, Community psychiatry, Global Mental Health, Military psychiatry, Social psychiatry, Neuropsychiatry.
Psychotherapy refers to a range of treatments that can help with mental health problems, emotional challenges, and some psychiatric disorders.
Psychotherapy can provide help with a range of problems, from depression and low self-esteem to addiction and family disputes. Anyone who is feeling overwhelmed by their problems and unable to cope may be able to benefit from psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy is sometimes called a "talking treatment" because it uses talking, rather than medication.
Authors are asked to submit theoretical contributions, research studies, novel ideas, the controversial, as well as examples of practice-relevant issues that would stimulate other theorists, researchers, and/or practitioners. The journal includes the widest scope of orientations to inform the readership.
Generally psychotherapy is recommended whenever a person is grappling with a life, relationship or work issue or a specific mental health concern, and these issues are causing the individual a great deal of pain or upset for longer than a few days.
Most psychotherapy tends to focus on problem solving and is goal-oriented. This is done simply through talking and discussing techniques that the therapist can suggest that may help you better navigate those difficult areas within your life. Often psychotherapy will help teach people about their disorder, too, and suggest additional coping mechanisms that the person may find more effective.
Some forms of psychotherapy last only a few sessions, while others are long-term, lasting for months or years. Sessions are usually for 1 hour, once a week, and they follow a carefully structured process.
Therapy may be conducted in an individual, family, couple, or group setting, and can help both children and adults. Most sessions are 30 to 50 minutes long. Both patient and therapist need to be actively involved in psychotherapy.
Types of psychotherapy includes:
Behavioral therapy: Traditional behavior therapy draws from respondent conditioning and operant conditioning to solve client problems.
Cognitive therapy: Cognitive therapy focuses on present thinking, behavior, and communication rather than on past experiences and is oriented toward problem solving.
Interpersonal Therapy: Interpersonal therapy focuses on the interpersonal relationships of the depressed person.
Family therapy: Family therapy views a person’s symptoms as taking place in the larger context of the family
Group therapy: Is a form of psychotherapy in which one or more therapists treat a small group of clients together as a group.
Psychodynamic therapy: Psychodynamic therapy, also known as insight-oriented therapy, focuses on unconscious processes as they are manifested in a person’s present behavior. The goals of psychodynamic therapy are a client’s self-awareness and understanding of the influence of the past on present behavior.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy: is an evidence-based treatment therapy designed to help people suffering from borderline personality disorder. It has also been used to treat mood disorders as well as those who need to change patterns of behavior.
Psychotherapy and Medication:
Psychotherapy is often used in combination with medication to treat mental health conditions. In some circumstances medication may be clearly useful and in others psychotherapy may be the best option. For many people combined medication and psychotherapy treatment is better than either alone.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy