|ISSN Online||: under process|
|Journal DOI||: 10.31579/jbnd.2018/|
|Google Scholar||: Citation|
|Current Issue||: Volume 2 - Issue 1 - 2019|
|PubMed Indexed Articles||:|
The human brain is the command center for the human nervous system. It receives input from the sensory organs and sends output to the muscles. The human brain is the largest brain of all vertebrates relative to body size.
We welcome eminent manuscripts of Research/ Review/ Case Studies/ Short Communications/ Opinions/ Letter to Editors/ Mini Reviews/ Presentations/ Perspective Studies etc. for publication.
The wide scope of the journal will aid in contributing a great measure of scientific information related to the advances in towards better healthcare.
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To be acceptable for publication, an article should be positively considered by two individual reviewers followed by the Editor’s consent.
Anatomy of the human brain
The largest part of the human brain is the cerebrum, which is divided into two hemispheres. Underneath lies the brainstem, and behind that sits the cerebellum. The outermost layer of the cerebrum is the cerebral cortex, which consists of four lobes: the frontal lobe, the parietal lobe, the temporal lobe and the occipital lobe.
Like all vertebrate brains, the human brain develops from three sections known as the forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain. Each of these contains fluid-filled cavities called ventricles. The forebrain develops into the cerebrum and underlying structures; the midbrain becomes part of the brainstem; and the hindbrain gives rise to regions of the brainstem and the cerebellum.
The cerebral cortex is greatly enlarged in human brains, and is considered the seat of complex thought. Visual processing takes place in the occipital lobe, near the back of the skull. The temporal lobe processes sound and language, and includes the hippocampus and amygdala, which play roles in memory and emotion, respectively. The parietal lobe integrates input from different senses and is important for spatial orientation and navigation.
Bipolar Affective is a psychological disorder that causes frequent mood swings in the affected individuals. This disorder is mostly characterized by elevation in mood (mania) or depression.
Brain tumor can be caused by exposure to vinyl chloride or Epstein-Barr virus or ionizing radiation or due to neurofibromatosis. Some brain tumors are noncancerous (benign), and some brain tumors are cancerous (malignant).
A weak spot on a blood vessel that leads to an outward bulging of the arterial wall in the brain is known as aneurysm. This condition is more prevalent in females than in males and may cause hemorrhagic stroke when they rupture leading to brain damage and death.
Mood disorder, also known as mood (affective) disorders, is a group of conditions where a disturbance in the person's mood is the main underlying feature.
There are four basic forms of mood disorders: depression, cyclothymic (a mild form of bipolar disorder), seasonal affective disorder and mania. People with mood disorder have mood fluctuations.
Bipolar Disorder is otherwise known as Manic Despondency, is a mental illness that is described as a fluctuation in mood extremes. Patients with bipolar disorder may experience high (mania) and low (depression) mood swings that are dramatic, seriously affecting their lives and the lives of those around them.
Intellectual Disability is a neurodevelopmental disorder where intellectual and adaptive functioning is highly impaired.
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is interrupted or reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die.
A prolonged state of unconsciousness is known as coma. A person is unresponsive to his or her environment during this time. The person cannot be awakened by any stimulation. Most common causes of coma are brain injury, brain stroke, brain swelling, blood sugar, brain infection, oxygen deprivation, seizures etc.
Brain Trauma/ Injury
Traumatic brain injury occurs when an external mechanical force causes brain to function abnormally. Mild traumatic brain injury may cause temporary dysfunction of brain cells.
A convulsion or seizure is the physical change in behavior that occurs after an episode of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Epileptic seizure is often a cause of convulsion.
Neurological disorders are diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. In other words, the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscles.
Neurological disorders are very complex, and while the causes are semi-known, research is perpetually turning up new contributing factors to the causes of neurological disorders. Injury can cause a neurological disorder. In many neurological disorders, the nerve cells that release dopamine or various chemical are slowly destroyed, causing neurological disorders.
Hundreds of millions of people worldwide are affected by neurological disorders. More than 6 million people die because of stroke each year; over 80% of these deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries. More than 50 million people have epilepsy worldwide. It is estimated that there are globally 47.5 million people with dementia with 7.7 million new cases every year - Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia and may contribute to 60–70% of cases. The prevalence of migraine is more than 10% worldwide.
CNS and Neurological Disorders
Trigeminal neuralgia: Trigeminal neuralgia is inflammation of the trigeminal nerve, causing intense facial pain. It is also known as tic douloureax because the intense pain.
Dysautonomia: Dysautonomia or autonomic dysfunction is a condition in which the autonomic nervous system (ANS) does not work properly.
Multiple System Atrophy: Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare, degenerative neurological disorder affecting your body's involuntary (autonomic) functions, including blood pressure, breathing, bladder function and muscle control.
Epilepsy: It is a group of neurological disorders that are characterized by recurrent seizures. There are two types of epilepsy: idiopathic and symptomatic, which are sub divided into generalized, partial and petit mal seizures. Epilepsy is caused by genetics or it may be acquired.
Tourette syndrome: is a common neuropsychiatric disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by multiple motor tics and at least one vocal (phonic) tic.
Peripheral neuropathy, a result of damage to the peripheral nerves, often causes weakness, numbness and pain, usually in your hands and feet. It can also affect other areas of your body.
A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe.
Globally, approximately 15% of people are affected by migraines. It most often starts at puberty and is worst during middle age. In some women they become less common following menopause. As of 2016 it is one of the most common causes of disability.
It is a term that includes many diseases that impair the functioning of muscles, either directly or indirectly. It causes directly by being pathologies of muscle and indirectly by being pathologies of nerves or neuromuscular junctions.
It is defined as “Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder”. It is a neurological psychiatric disorder. It causes significant problems with attentional and inhibitory control that causes attention deficits, hyperactivity or impulsiveness.
Neocortical development Nervous system
Neural Circuits Neural Dynamics
Diagnosis and Treatment
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Multiple System Atrophy